Referencing and Bibliographies

Careful referencing and citation of sources will help ensure that you do not inadvertantly plagiarise the work of others. At All Saints' we use the author/date system, often called the Harvard or Chicago Style.

A Reference List or Bibliography comes at the end of an assignment and lists all the sources used for that assignment, including those you may have used but not actually quoted from. It is important to be accurate with the structure and punctuation of the references in your list.

You can print off this form to help with keeping a record of your sources. Notice the punctuation:


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Sample Reference List

Carroll, B1977, Earning a Crust: an illustrated Economic History of Australia, Reed, Sydney

Hallett, K 1993, Now and Then: Australian History and Identity in the 20th Century, Thomas Nelson, Melbourne

Laidler, R and White 1991, S, Australia 1900-1950: Light on the Hill, Edward Arnold, Melbourne


Citation is acknowledging the source of a quote or idea within the text of an essay.There are two main methods for citing these sources:

1. quoting directly, using quotation marks

'As the economy retracted, the returned soldiers were seeking work.' (Hallett 1993 p.45)

2. referring to the idea of the author or expert

Laidler and White (1991) note that not everyone in Australia suffered during the Great Depression


Sir Otto Niemeyer's ideas did not appeal to Lang and many others in the Labor Party (Carroll 1977)


Automatic Referencing Generators

You need to acknowledge all your sources in all of your assignment tasks. The following two links are to automatic referencing generators which allow you to quickly and easily format references and sources in the ASC preferred Harvard Referencing Format.



  •  Username: use either org or sasla 
  •  Password: pages